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Canadian Hemlock / Size 1
Canadian Hemlock

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*Availability status: In stock & currently shipping
*Average Plant Shipping Size: 14" - 18" tall / NICE!!

*No Shipments to California, Alaska, or Hawaii

Our Price : $5.95

Product Code: HEMCAN1

Tsuga Canadensis

Overall Description

Often thought of as the most beautiful of all the evergreens, it has a very lacy, graceful growth with short, soft light yellow-green needles in spring - changing to glossy dark green. Unlike most conifers, Canadian Hemlock tolerates shade well. Prefers moist, well drained soil with heavy organic content. Grows to 70 feet - spread of 35 feet, but can be pruned to maintain any height......and can even be sheared at much shorter heights for use as a nice, dense evergreen hedge. Likes sun, or shade but does not handle extreme wind or heavy drought well.

Plant Facts & Specifications

--Mature Height : 50 - 70 ft

--Mature Width : 15 - 25 ft

--Growth Rate :
Moderate ( 4" - 10" avg per yr )

--Hardiness Zones :
3 - 8

--Sun Exposure :
Full sun to mostly shade - actually prefers a semi shaded spot. Two physiological problems include sunscorch which occurs when tem­per­a­tures reach 95°F and above. The ends of the branches may be killed back for several inches. Another prob­lem is drought injury for hemlocks are more sensitive to prolonged periods of dryness than most other nar­rowleaf evergreens. Plants may die during extended dry periods.

--Soil Preference :
Likes cool, moist, fertile soil with good acidity - well drained.

--Foliage Color & Texture :
Evergreen - very light, fine textured needlelike foliage is nice green color year round. New growth is a lighter shade of green that darkens as it matures. No discoloration in winter.

--Flower, Cone, Or Berry Facts :
Cones - small 1/2" - 1" light brown cones that are similar in shape to most pine / spruce cones.....but much smaller, and not nearly as thick & sturdy.

--Diseases / Insects :
Leaf blight, cankers, blister rust, needle rust, sapwood rot, hemlock borer, hemlock loop­er, spruce leaf miner, hemlock fiorinia scale, hemlock scale, spider mites, bagworm, fir flat headed borer, spruce budworm, gypsy moth, hem­lock sawfly, and woolly adelgid. Despite all these problems mentioned, hemlocks under landscape conditions can prove to be very reliable, handsome ornamentals if given proper cultural care. The most significant liability to successful culture is the woolly adelgid and this singular pest has limited the use of hemlock in the northeastern quadrant of the United States.

--Recommended Spacing :
No specific spacing recommendations - will depend upon the purpose intended.

--Deer Resistance Rating :
Lowest Resistance [ 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - 7 - 8 - 9 - 10 ] Highest Resistance

--Fertilization / Feeding :
For maximum health & hardiness, we highly recommend a good grade granular ( preferably organic ) fertilizer / plant food for use with all of our plant species. We personally use, and recommend the Espoma line of organic plant foods, as they are super effective yet gentle enough to use on even the most delicate of evergreen species where fertilizer burn would normally be a major concern. However, a water soluble type plant food (Miracle Gro, or equivalent ) are also acceptable options. Other granular fertilizers with a 6 - 12 - 12, or 10 - 10 - 10 ratio can also be used - but we suggest using them at 1/2 - 3/4 strength to avoid any chemical burn issues to the root system of the plants. Best to fertilize in early spring, and again in mid fall - avoid feeding standard chemical fertilizers during hot summer months, and directly after transplanting. The Espoma Organic Plant Foods may be used at anytime.

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