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Fir - Canaan / Size 1
Canaan Fir / Abies balsamea var planerolepis

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*Availability Status: Currently sold out - Available at a later date
*Average Plant Shipping Size: 10" - 16" tall - Quart size rootball

*No Shipments to California, Alaska, or Hawaii

Our Price: $6.95

Product Code: FIRCAN1

Abies balsamea var. planerolepis

Overall Description

Canaan Fir is a newer addition to our line of coniferous evergreen trees, and has long been a very popular ornamental fir variety in both the landscape, and Christmas tree industries. It is fast growing, when compared to may other fir varieties, and has shown excellent capabilities to adapt to a rather wide range of soil conditions.

Selectively grown from a strong, reliable seed source in NC, our Canaan Fir are extremely sturdy, well branched seedlings, with excellent dark green, glossy needle foliage. Needles have a thicker texture than pine or spruce, which is very typical of most fir varieties - with average needle length being about an inch long. Cones are produced on older, more mature specimens, and are held upright, almost like candles, and progress through a series of color changes as they develop on the tree. They typically start out as a light greenish color, then gradually turn to a purplish gray color in mid to late season, before ripening to a rich coppery brown color.

Canaan Fir makes a very good specimen tree planting, and can be used grouped together for an impressive, rugged landscape look. Due to their relatively fast growth, they are also a viable option for use as a durable evergreen screen or windbreak in most areas.

Plant Facts & Specifications

--Mature Height : 40 - 60 ft

--Mature Width : 18 - 25 ft ( pyramidal shaped - widest at base )

--Growth Rate :
Moderate ( 8" - 14" avg per yr )

--Hardiness Zones :
4 - 7b ( can even be used in zone 8 if given some midday shade )

--Sun Exposure :
Full to partial sun, moderate shade also tolerated

--Soil Preference :
Prefers cool, moist, well drained soils - but has shown the ability to adapt to a rather wide range of soil types & conditions.

--Foliage Color & Texture :
Evergreen - dark green needle type foliage, occasionally with a slight silver / blue hue as well. Needles are heavy textured, and average about an inch in length.

--Flower, Cone, Or Berry Facts :
Cones - 3" - 4" long cones are produced on older more mature specimens, and are held upright on the branches. Color of cones start out as a light greenish gray, turning to a very attractive purplish gray in mid to late season, then ripening to a rich copper brown color in late fall / early winter.

--Diseases / Insects :
Main threats would consist of bagworms, and root rot if kept in soils that have serious drainage issues.

--Recommended Spacing :
For screen, or windbreak usage, we suggest either a single row spacing of 8 - 10 ft apart on center......or eve better would be to use two staggered rows also spaced 8 - 10 ft apart on center. For group plantings, widen spacing to 12 - 15 feet apart to allow for distinction between individual trees.

--Deer Resistance Rating :
Lowest Resistance [ 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - 7 - 8 - 9 - 10 ] Highest Resistance

--Fertilization / Feeding :
For maximum health & hardiness, we highly recommend a good grade granular ( preferably organic ) fertilizer / plant food for use with all of our plant species. We personally use, and recommend the Espoma line of organic plant foods, as they are super effective yet gentle enough to use on even the most delicate of evergreen species where fertilizer burn would normally be a major concern. However, a water soluble type plant food (Miracle Gro, or equivalent ) are also acceptable options. Other granular fertilizers with a 6 - 12 - 12, or 10 - 10 - 10 ratio can also be used - but we suggest using them at 1/2 - 3/4 strength to avoid any chemical burn issues to the root system of the plants. Best to fertilize in early spring, and again in mid fall - avoid feeding standard chemical fertilizers during hot summer months, and directly after transplanting. The Espoma Organic Plant Foods may be used at anytime.

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