Berberis x ottawensis 'Superba' Hybrid Variety
large rounded, slightly oval-shaped leaves are a beautiful dark
burgundy purple. Much larger leaves than other red barberry. Very fast
growth - excellent for hedges, borders, etc. Fairly uncommon type of
Barberry, but very pretty. Has a somewhat more open growth habit than
most of the other Barberry varieties we grow & offer. Superba Barberry does require some steady pruning / trimming when very young to
establish good, full bodied, branching habit - will tend to shoot out
very long leaders if left untrimmed.
If you have the minor time required to keep this variety trimmed &
in check when young ( 3 or 4 trimmings per season ), then you need to
give this barberry variety some very serious consideration - best
foliage of any barberry we have ever seen.....without any doubt at
Plant Facts & Specifications--Mature Height :
5 - 7
--Mature Width :
6 - 8 ft
--Growth Rate :
Moderate to fast ( 8" - 14" avg per yr ) up to 24" - 30" leaders / shoots will blast off each season if left untrimmed.
--Hardiness Zones :
4 - 8 ( if unsure of your zone, please use zone finder below )
--Sun Exposure :
Full sun to partial shade - best growth rate and color in sunny spots
--Soil Preference :
Average, fertile, slightly moist - well drained. Mulching recommended.
--Foliage Color & Texture :
Much larger leaves than most Barberry varieties that are commonly seen in the trade today. Mature leaves are about the size of a half dollar coin. Both newer growth, as well as older, mature leaves all are a nice uniform dark purple burgundy if planted in adequate sun exposure. Leaves are rather thick - and branches sport the same spiny barbs that are typical of most all Barberries.
--Flower, Cone, Or Berry Facts :
white flowers can be observed in little clusters beginning in early
April, and lasting well through the end of May. Exact flowering time
will vary, depending on your area of the country - the warmer your
climate, the earlier you will see them. Small 1/4" long bright red,
oval shaped seed pods are only occasionally seen on Red Superba Barberry in
late fall, after the leaves have dropped - seeds not nearly as commonly seen as with Berberis thunbergii species.
--Diseases / Insects :
barberries have little or no trouble at all under normal landscape
conditions, but some of the possible noted pests / diseases that could
be encountered are: Bacterial leaf spot, anthracnose, root rots, rusts
(Japanese Barberry is not susceptible), wilt, barberry aphid, barberry
webworm, and possibly scale.
--Recommended Spacing :
2 1/2 - 3 ft apart recommended for hedge planting. Regular trimming needed to maintain a neat hedge shape
--Deer Resistance Rating : Lowest Resistance [ 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - 7 - 8 - 9 - 10 ] Highest Resistance
--Fertilization / Feeding :
For maximum health & hardiness, we highly recommend a good grade granular ( preferably organic ) fertilizer / plant food for use with all of our plant species. We personally use, and recommend the Espoma line of organic plant foods, as they are super effective yet gentle enough to use on even the most delicate of evergreen species where fertilizer burn would normally be a major concern. However, a water soluble type plant food (Miracle Gro, or equivalent ) are also acceptable options. Other granular fertilizers with a 6 - 12 - 12, or 10 - 10 - 10 ratio can also be used - but we suggest using them at 1/2 - 3/4 strength to avoid any chemical burn issues to the root system of the plants. Best to fertilize in early spring, and again in mid fall - avoid feeding standard chemical fertilizers during hot summer months, and directly after transplanting. The Espoma Organic Plant Foods may be used at anytime.