HOME > PLANT CATEGORIES > Assorted Shrubs, Trees, & More >

Palm - Coontie / Size 1
Zamia pumila Coontie Palm

Additional Photos

*Availability Status: In Stock & Currently Shipping
*Average Plant Shipping Size: 12" - 14" tall / Gallon size rootball

*No Shipments to California, Alaska, or Hawaii

Our Price: $8.95

Product Code: PALCOO1

Zamia pumila - Coontie Palm

Overall Description

Coontie Palm is a member of the cycad family, and the only member that is truly native to North America. Cycads, like the Coontie Palm, are thought to have been present millions of years ago. They tend to prefer warm, humid climates........but have had general success in hardiness zones down to zone 7b, and occasionally 7a if planted in a well protected area. One note to beware of : Coontie Palms contain a substance called Cycasin, which is known to be toxic to most companion animals such a dogs, cats, and horses. This plant is not suggested for planting in areas where pets of this nature frequently inhabit, or in areas where plants would be eaten, chewed, or dug up by pets.

Foliage is evergreen, and arranged in fanlike fronds that unfurl in a similar manner to ferns. Many palms have a very rigid, somewhat prickly feel to both the foliage, and trunks / branches - but Coontie Palm is very manageable, without the sharp points & rigid foliage found on most other cycads. Foliage radiates outward from a centrally based "clump", which eventually forms a short mini trunk-like shape. These palms are dioecious.....meaning that there are both male & female plants. Mature female plants will produce cones which contain orange colored seeds when fully ripened.

Uses include mass plantings, which can actually serve as an effective groundcover in many areas due to the relatively low mature height of Coontie Palm. Can also be used as a foreground planting, or as a border planting along walkway edges. Works very well as an understory planting in areas where larger palms or other tree species reside.

Plant Facts & Specifications

--Mature Height : 3 - 3 1/2 ft

--Mature Width : 4 - 5 ft

--Growth Rate :
Moderate ( 6" - 8" avg per yr )

--Hardiness Zones :
7b - 10

--Sun Exposure :
Full to partial sun

--Soil Preference :
Average to slightly sandy - well drained

--Foliage Color & Texture :
Evergreen - fernlike foliage is nice green color year round. Has a much softer feel - very fernlike - than most other palms & cycads.

--Flower, Cone, Or Berry Facts :
Cones - mature female plants will produce cones that contain seeds which turn a bright orange color when fully ripened.

--Diseases / Insects :
Scale infestations have been reported, and can do serious damage if left untreated.

--Recommended Spacing :
No specific spacing recommendations - depends on intended use.

--Deer Resistance Rating :
Lowest Resistance [ 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - 7 - 8 - 9 - 10 ] Highest Resistance

--Fertilization / Feeding :
For maximum health & hardiness, we highly recommend a good grade granular ( preferably organic ) fertilizer / plant food for use with all of our plant species. We personally use, and recommend the Espoma line of organic plant foods, as they are super effective yet gentle enough to use on even the most delicate of evergreen species where fertilizer burn would normally be a major concern. However, a water soluble type plant food (Miracle Gro, or equivalent ) are also acceptable options. Other granular fertilizers with a 6 - 12 - 12, or 10 - 10 - 10 ratio can also be used - but we suggest using them at 1/2 - 3/4 strength to avoid any chemical burn issues to the root system of the plants. Best to fertilize in early spring, and again in mid fall - avoid feeding standard chemical fertilizers during hot summer months, and directly after transplanting. The Espoma Organic Plant Foods may be used at anytime.

Helpful Links & Information